Power Up: Focus on Earth Science: Pretest
This is the diagnostic pretest for the Power Up: Focus on Earth Science, the third of NAQT’s line of Power Up study guides.
A printable version with answer blanks suitable for distribution to a group of players is available for download, as is the answer key.
- In contrast to artificial wells, what natural formations are sites where underground water naturally comes to the surface?
- What is the name given to a collection of debris accumulated by a glacier, which comes in “lateral” and “terminal” varieties?
- What form of coal has a grade that is between that of lignite coal and anthracite coal?
- What type of volcanoes have not erupted recently, but are considered to be more likely to erupt than extinct volcanoes?
- What naval admiral gives his name to the scale that assigns wind speed a value between 0 and 12?
- Which scale named for an Italian scientist measures the intensity of earthquakes by examining the damage they do?
- The inhalation of asbestos leads to lung cancer and what other dangerous tumor that affects a tissue of the same name?
- Speleology is the study of what regions of the Earth, where one can find helictites?
- Unlike the inner core, the outer core of the Earth is composed of matter in what phase?
- Which sedimentary rock is composed of pebbles, boulders, and other relatively large-grained specimens whose components are rounded?
- “Intrusive” and “extrusive” are two complementary categories of what kind of rock, which can also be classified as mafic or felsic?
- Which form of metamorphism occurs when magma gets close to the original rock and transforms it through direct heating?
- In contrast to cleavage, what is the term for the pattern of breakage of a mineral that does not occur along its crystal planes?
- What dangerous material is a non-Newtonian fluid often consisting of a mixture of water and dirt, into which one may sink?
- What mineral consists of aluminum oxide, has varieties including sapphire and ruby, and defines the value of 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness?
- What is the name of the cool phase of the ENSO cycle that alternates with El Niño?
- Plate tectonics has supplanted what theory formulated by Alfred Wegener to explain the apparent jigsaw puzzle-like fit of Earth’s continents?
- What fictitious force is experienced by those moving with respect to a rotating reference frame, and affects the movement of cyclones?
- Coprolites and footprints are “trace” examples of what objects, the preserved remains of an organism?
- What is the term for a hill or ridge of sand that can often be found on beaches and in deserts?