Power Up: Focus on Earth Science: Pretest

This is the diagnostic pretest for the Power Up: Focus on Earth Science, the third of NAQT’s line of Power Up study guides.

A printable version with answer blanks suitable for distribution to a group of players is available for download, as is the answer key.

  1. In contrast to artificial wells, what natural formations are sites where underground water naturally comes to the surface?
  2. What is the name given to a collection of debris accumulated by a glacier, which comes in “lateral” and “terminal” varieties?
  3. What form of coal has a grade that is between that of lignite coal and anthracite coal?
  4. What type of volcanoes have not erupted recently, but are considered to be more likely to erupt than extinct volcanoes?
  5. What naval admiral gives his name to the scale that assigns wind speed a value between 0 and 12?
  6. Which scale named for an Italian scientist measures the intensity of earthquakes by examining the damage they do?
  7. The inhalation of asbestos leads to lung cancer and what other dangerous tumor that affects a tissue of the same name?
  8. Speleology is the study of what regions of the Earth, where one can find helictites?
  9. Unlike the inner core, the outer core of the Earth is composed of matter in what phase?
  10. Which sedimentary rock is composed of pebbles, boulders, and other relatively large-grained specimens whose components are rounded?
  11. “Intrusive” and “extrusive” are two complementary categories of what kind of rock, which can also be classified as mafic or felsic?
  12. Which form of metamorphism occurs when magma gets close to the original rock and transforms it through direct heating?
  13. In contrast to cleavage, what is the term for the pattern of breakage of a mineral that does not occur along its crystal planes?
  14. What dangerous material is a non-Newtonian fluid often consisting of a mixture of water and dirt, into which one may sink?
  15. What mineral consists of aluminum oxide, has varieties including sapphire and ruby, and defines the value of 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness?
  16. What is the name of the cool phase of the ENSO cycle that alternates with El Niño?
  17. Plate tectonics has supplanted what theory formulated by Alfred Wegener to explain the apparent jigsaw puzzle-like fit of Earth’s continents?
  18. What fictitious force is experienced by those moving with respect to a rotating reference frame, and affects the movement of cyclones?
  19. Coprolites and footprints are “trace” examples of what objects, the preserved remains of an organism?
  20. What is the term for a hill or ridge of sand that can often be found on beaches and in deserts?

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