Qualifying for the ICT
The Intercollegiate Championship Tournament (ICT) is NAQT’s premier event for teams representing colleges and universities. Qualification for the ICT revolves around NAQT’s Sectional Championship Tournaments (SCTs): Essentially all invitations will be given for performance at those tournaments or for assisting with them (via editing or hosting).
NAQT revamped its qualification scheme for the 2018 ICT, powered by LetterOne; going forward, invitations are assigned via a series of tiers, such that every team in a higher tier will be invited before any team in a lower tier. Every team that competes at an SCT will be assigned a position in one of the tiers, and the tiers will also contain schools that are earning bids for hosting tournaments. The new system will be used for both Division I and Division II, though some specific tiers may apply to only one of the divisions.
The tiers will be used to rank all potential invitees (primarily teams that competed at SCTs, but also schools that hosted SCTs or whose programs contributed guest editors); the first 36 Division I teams and the first 32 Division II teams will receive one of the initial invitations. The remaining teams will form a waitlist (in the same order) in case an initial invitation is declined.
The tiers (and invitations) for each division will be determined independently; the performance of a school’s Division I teams does not affect the tiers to which its Division II teams are assigned (and vice versa).
Tier 1 (Highest): Top 20 Teams By D-Value
The first 20 invitations will go to the 20 teams with the highest D-Values. The D-Value is a statistic developed by quiz bowl community (and then updated by NAQT in 2018) to compare teams that compete at different tournaments; it takes into account performance on tossups and bonuses as well as a team’s strength of schedule. A tie for the 20th position among teams at the same SCT will be broken first by order of finish, then by raw D-Value, and then by random draw; a tie among teams at different SCTs will be broken by random draw.
Tier 2: Editing Autobids (Usually Division I only)
NAQT typically invites one or two prominent collegiate players to assist with the production of the Sectionals set (which prevents them from competing on it). Each program that provides such guest editors will receive one invitation in this tier (even if multiple players from that school contribute).
These bids must be taken in Division I, unless one or more guest editors is eligible for Division II; in the latter case, the school may choose either division.
Tier 3: Hosting Autobids
All schools that earned autobids by hosting an SCT will be given an invitation in this tier. Note that merely being the site of an SCT (and providing rooms) is not sufficient to earn an autobid: The host program must, in general, provide the tournament director, organize the event, and take responsibility for ensuring the event is fully staffed. In most cases, earning an autobid by hosting will require that a school’s most experienced players refrain from playing (so they can act as staff).
By default, a host school’s autobid will be in Division I. A school has from the time of its selection as a host until 24 hours after the conclusion of its tournament to switch its bid to Division II. The number of hosts that are allowed to switch is limited, so requests will be honored on a first-come, first-served basis.
Tier 4: CCCT Autobids (Division II only)
The top four finishers at the Community College Championship Tournament (CCCT) will receive invitations to the ICT in Division II. (Note that these teams’ identities will not be known when the initial ICT invitations are issued.)
Tiers 1–4 are guaranteed tiers in that every team belonging to them is guaranteed to receive an invitation in the first batch of ICT invitations. That is, NAQT will ensure that the total number of invitations issued via Tiers 2, 3, and 4 will not cause the tournmament’s field cap to be exceeded.
Tier 5: SCT Champions
All winners of an SCT division with at least four teams from at least three schools will be ranked next in order of D-Value. If an SCT has reported co-champions tied for first, NAQT may break the tie at its discretion. In the event of a combined-field SCT, there must be four teams from three schools in the team’s division (regardless of the number from the other division).
Tier 6: Undergraduate SCT Champions (Division I only)
The top undergraduate team from each SCT that had at least four Division I undergraduate teams from at least three schools are ranked next in order of D-Value. The determination of the “top” undergraduate team is by order of finish (not by D-Value); if the host reported teams being tied, NAQT may break the tie at its discretion.
Teams that qualify in this tier must compete with an undergraduate-only roster at the ICT. If an invitation resulting from a Tier-6 ranking is declined due to a desire to bring players ineligible for the undergraduate title, the team will be re-ranked (and potentially re-invited) via Tier 7 (but no replacement Tier-6 invitation will be made to the second-best undergraduate team).
Tier 7: All remaining teams
All teams not yet ranked are now ranked by D-Value.
Following the completion of the Community College Championship Tournament, its fifth-place-and-lower teams will be interpolated into the existing waitlist according to their D-Values. Note that even if the fifth-place finisher at the CCCT had a D-Value that would have qualified it for a Tier-1 invitation, it will not be retroactively awarded such an invitation (but will instead be placed on the waitlist in the appropriate slot).
The ICT waitlist will consist of all potential invitees that did not receive one of the first 36 (Division I) or 32 (Division II) invitations. If a team declines its invitation, the next team on the waitlist will be invited.
If a school first declines and then "un-declines" its invitation, it will be added to the top of the waitlist, but it will not be given priority over teams with unaccepted invitations that were originally ranked below it. (That is, it will need to wait for another team to decline its invitation, but it will be the first to be re-invited should that occur.)
Interaction of Tiers
In some cases, a school’s presence in a higher tier may affect how its teams (or its hosting) are evaluated in lower tiers. In particular…
- A team that is placed in the invitation order from Tiers 1, 4, 5, 6, or 7 may not also generate an invitation from a lower tier in that list. For example, if the #1 team by D-Value wins its SCT, it does not generate two invitations for its school, one from Tier 1 and one from Tier 5. Note that saying “does not generate an invitation” is slightly different from saying “ignored.” For instance, if the winner of an SCT is also a top-20 D-Value team, the fact that it received an invitation in Tier 1 does not mean that the second-place team from that SCT is invited in Tier 5: No separate Tier-5 “champion invitation” would be generated for that SCT, as the team that would benefit from it has already been invited.
- Every Tier-1 invitation earned by a school will cause one invitation for that school from Tier 2, 3, or 4 to be ignored (if such an invitation exists). Generally speaking, if a school fields a team that finishes in the Top 20 by D-Value, it will dissolve one of that school’s hosting or editing autobids. If a host school wants to send two teams to the ICT in the same division as its hosting bid, it will need to enter two teams (and have them both perform relatively well).
- Every invitation issued in Tiers 2, 3, or 4 will cause the next invitation that would be issued to that school via Tiers 4, 5, 6, or 7 (via the normal operation of the tiering system) to be ignored. Generally speaking, this means that a school earning an autobid for hosting will not also get an invitation for its top-finishing team (but could for its second-best team, if any). If no such “next” invitation is found (because the host school entered no teams, for instance), there is no effect.
The above rules only affect invitations in the same division; for instance, a school that chooses to take its Tier-3 hosting bid in Division I does not have that ignored by having one of its Division II teams earn a Tier-1 invitation.
The overall purpose of these rules is to make sure that no more than one ICT invitation can be traced to a single team and to reduce the incentive for a host school to field teams with its best players (rather than having them staff the tournament).
The qualification tiers in this document are generally described via the ranking of teams, but the actual invitations are made to the schools represented by those teams (rather than to the specific set of players on that team). A school that receives an invitation may send any eligible players even if they did not compete at Sectionals, competed at Sectionals on a team that did not qualify, competed at Sectionals on a different team that did qualify, or competed at Sectionals in another division. This is true even if a school receives multiple bids; there is no requirement that the same players who earned those bids play on the same teams (or play at all) at the ICT.
Schools that earn Division I invitations may send teams that are eligible for the Division I (Undergraduate) title or not, as they see fit (unless the team received its rank via Tier 6).
Losing Eligibility For Division II
All players from four-year schools that compete at the ICT (in either division) lose their eligibility for Division II for future years. This is true even if the player’s team entered the field as part of a standby team. (Being listed on a standby team that does not compete, however, does not cost a player his or her Division II eligibility.)
In addition, all players from four-year schools on teams that earn their school invitations to the ICT (in either division) will lose their eligibility for future years (even if the school declines the invitation or the school accepts but the player does not attend). This is true whether the team earned one of the initial invitations or receives a later invitation due to another team declining.
In general, players from four-year schools may receive at most one chance to compete at a Division II ICT: Whether or not they accept it, they will lose their eligibility to compete in Division II in the future. The rule for players from community colleges and two-year schools is somewhat different.
NAQT considers wildcard applications from schools that did not qualify (or do not anticipate qualifying) by the above criteria but whose teams have demonstrated a high quality of play in academic competition throughout the year. It is likely, however, that serious consideration will be reserved for schools that, for geographic reasons, had difficulty attending NAQT tournaments. (Historically, wildcard invitations have been very rarely given.)
NAQT reserves the right to accept wildcard applications at any time after they have been submitted; that is, NAQT may accept particularly strong applications immediately but may postpone making a decision on others until further tournaments have completed or it has a better idea how many ICT spots will be taken by automatic qualifiers. Teams may inquire as to the status of their request at any time. NAQT understands that wildcard teams need to know whether or not they can attend the tournament as soon as possible and will make every effort to contact teams as soon as a final decision has been made about their request.
Please note that NAQT is only likely to grant distance-based wildcard requests from schools for which the nearest SCT site would require a full day of traveling in each direction (in addition to the day of playing the tournament).
NAQT may place wildcard teams in any tier at its discretion. If the chosen tier is not a guaranteed tier, NAQT will rank the team relative to the others in the tier at its own discretion.
Teams located near the tournament site may be interested in attending on a standby basis. Standby teams are not guaranteed a spot in the field, but if there is a last-minute cancellation, they’ll replace the missing team without paying a registration fee.
Standby teams are not part of the tier system, as they are not issued invitations in advance.
NAQT reserves the right to interpret these rules and resolve ambiguities as it sees fit. NAQT may also alter the invitation order generated by these rules if it appears manifestly unfair.
Questions, comments, or suggestions may be directed to NAQT at email@example.com.